P3329race  

问题描述
In conjunction with the IOI, Pattaya City will host a race: the International Olympiad in Racing
(IOR) 2011. As the host, we have to find the best possible course for the race.
In the PattayaChonburi metropolitan area, there are N cities connected by a network of N1
highways. Each highway is bidirectional, connects two different cities, and has an integer length
in kilometers. Furthermore, there is exactly one possible path connecting any pair of cities. That
is, there is exactly one way to travel from one city to another city by a sequence of highways
without visiting any city twice.
The IOR has specific regulations that require the course to be a path whose total length is exactly
K kilometers, starting and ending in different cities. Obviously, no highway (and therefore also
no city) may be used twice on the course to prevent collisions. To minimize traffic disruption, the
course must contain as few highways as possible.
Your task
Write a procedure best_path(N,K,H,L) that takes the following parameters:
• N– the number of cities. The cities are numbered 0 through N1.
• K – the required distance for the race course.
• H– a twodimensional array representing highways. For 0 ≤ i < N1, highway i connects
the cities H[i][0] and H[i][1].
• L – a onedimensional array representing the lengths of the highways. For 0 ≤ i < N1,
the length of highway i is L[i].
You may assume that all values in the array H are between 0 and N1, inclusive, and that the
highways described by this array connect all cities as described above. You may also assume that
all values in the array L are integers between 0 and 1 000 000, inclusive.
Your procedure must return the minimum number of highways on a valid race course of length
exactly K. If there is no such course, your procedure must return 1.
给一棵树,每条边有权.求一条路径,权值和等于K,且边的数量最小.
输入格式
Line 1: N and K.
• Lines 2 to N: information on the highways; i.e., line i+2 contains H[i][0], H[i][1],
and L[i], separated by a space, for 0 ≤ i < N1.
第一行 两个整数 n, k
第二..n行 每行三个整数 表示一条无向边的两端和权值 (注意点的编号从0开始)
输出格式
the expected solution.
一个整数 表示最小边数量 如果不存在这样的路径 输出1
样例输入
4 3
0 1 1
1 2 2
1 3 4
样例输出
2
提示
1 <= N <= 200000
1 <= K <= 1000000